Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

The brain is probably the most important and at the same time the most delicate structure of the body. As such, it is especially important to ensure that it is protected at all times. Unfortunately, car accidents and similar events can result in traumatic brain injuries that may have long-lasting and life-changing effects. There are different types of traumatic brain injuries that may happen in an accident.

Traumatic brain injuries are characterized by damage to brain tissue due to some type of physical force or violent motion. They can manifest as a short or long period of unconsciousness, memory loss, headaches or disorientation. There are three basic types of traumatic brain injuries: closed, open and acquired.

Closed traumatic brain injuries

When there is a sudden deceleration of enough force, the brain may “bounce” around the inside of the skull, stretching or twisting the brain tissue and injuring or tearing nerve endings. There is no apparent injury on the outside, but the effects can be debilitating. Damage is not usually confined to one area but is diffuse, so it is not easy to predict the outcome of such injuries.

Open traumatic brain injuries

When a foreign object penetrates through the skull into the brain, this is called an open injury. An example would be a gunshot wound to the head where the bullet lodges in the brain. The damage is often localized, and because of this, it is easier to predict the effects of the injury.

Acquired brain injury (ABI)

This type of injury often results when the brain bleeds, swells or experiences cell death due to lack of oxygen. The physical force is not the actual cause of ABI, but rather as the secondary effect of the impact. For example, in an accident where the car goes into the water and the driver drowns but is resuscitated, the lack of oxygen to the brain prior to resuscitation can result in permanent disability due to ABI.

Traumatic brain injuries can change a life forever. If you or someone you know sustains traumatic brain injuries because of the negligence of others, you may be able to get compensation for the victim. Consult with a Champaign accident attorney to help you accomplish this successfully.

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