Can a Government Agency Be Held Responsible for Accidents Due to Roads Defects?

On matters concerning enforcement of road safety rules and reminding drivers about the importance of observing traffic laws, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and many other private organizations have always been consistent in the performance of their duties. Thus, no matter what type of vehicle an individual drives, there is a corresponding program that is aimed at providing the necessary and helpful information on road safety that drivers need to, and should, know.

It may sound ridiculous, however, how, according to one old story, two cars eventually collided with each other, thinking that this collision happened way back in the late 1800s; but much more ridiculous than the date is the circumstance surrounding the collision as the story says that, at that time, only four cars were registered in the whole of the United States. Was the accident due to driver error, automobile defect, or something else? Well, one can only guess. One fact is obvious, though, that road accidents, more than 90% of which are due to human error, are nothing more than products of someone’s negligence or recklessness, whether this someone is a driver or someone else whose work involves safety on the road.

Vehicular accidents occur due either to factors that can be controlled by the driver or factors that drivers have no control of. According to the NHTSA, driver-controlled factors include drunk driving, driver error, speeding, driver distractions and reckless driving. Factors which drivers cannot control, on the other hand, include a defective car, a defective car part, and poorly constructed or damaged road. While drivers and manufacturers can easily be held accountable for accidents that occur due to their negligence, is this the same where a government agency is the one at fault, say, due to roads and highways that are poorly constructed and never maintained?

Getting injured in an accident is the most likely result when a driver fails to notice a pothole, an uneven road surface, slippery road debris, and other road hazards that can cause a driver to lose control of his or her vehicle.

Many government agencies have immunity from lawsuits, except if the basis of the lawsuit is, say, gross negligence in maintaining a roadway. Due to this immunity, many people ask personal injury lawyers for ways that they can form arguments that are logical and strong enough to merit the accident victim the compensation that he or she may be deemed worthy (by the court) to receive.

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What’s the Big Deal with Content Writing?

Writers are often unsung heroes in the business world. Some might say the written word is a dying platform. But, truth be told, the industry would ultimately crash and burn without the expertise of writers who are not dying out but evolve in the same way businesses do. There will always be a need of a writer.

After all, writers who dabble in the current market are not just writers. In order to be effective using the written word, they must also be analysts of current trends in terms of content and marketing. They must have the eye to assess how to develop a consistent style with the company’s brand and how the content can match the online aesthetic. Being able to evolve from trend to trend while still keeping up with the integrity of the company’s brand takes study, practice, and a talent that only content writers who are experienced in this field can be able to deliver.

Say, you want to be able to increase your website’s visibility or perhaps even up your website’s rank through Search Engine Optimization (SEO). Any website can buy clicks but it takes engaging, relevant, and accurate content in able to be effective with bringing in new clients. According to Kinetic Word, a website can gain thousands of views a day but still not increase their sales due to the simple fact that they lack in terms of content.

Your teams must be able to work together so that your online brand is one that can be recognized and respected as a reputable source. This means constant and consistent content creation, as well as conversation with their target audience through the use of the various social media channels that are readily available. If you do not have the space necessary to house your own content writer, there are many businesses that offer professional-grade content writing services that can suit your business and online reputation.

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Chloracne Caused by PCBs

Polychlorinated Biphenyls, more commonly known as PCBs, are a class of man-made chemical that has previously been used in industrial production process and in the manufacturing of herbicides by agricultural companies such as Monsanto. PCBs are known to pose serious health risks to those exposed, including respiratory issues, organ failure, cancer, and neurological conditions. Additionally, those exposed by either direct contact, ingestion, or inhalation may develop an acne-like skin rash known as chloracne.

Chloracne is the acne like eruption of blackheads, cysts, and pustules on the skin caused by over-exposure to chloracnegens, a group of halogenated aromatic compounds including PCBs. The condition is oven irritating or even painful, and is most common on the cheeks, behind the ears, under the armpits, and in the groin area.

PCBs are fat soluble, and remain in the body for an extended period of time. Consequently, reactions to PCBs may persist long after exposure to the toxin ends. Although chloracne may be treated with the use of oral antibiotics, it is often highly resistant to any form of treatment.

The condition was first discovered in German Industrial workers in 1897, and affected 226 workers when a container of herbicide exploded at a Monsanto Plant in Virginia.

Use of toxic Monsanto PCBs in industrial or chemical manufacturing processes was banned in 1978 once the dangers of the toxin were discovered. However, Monsanto products manufactured before this date continue to dump toxic contaminants into the air and the environment.

Although chloracne in itself is not life-threatening, it is a signal that the individual may have been exposed to PCBs, which are known to be linked with a number of more serious health complications. It is always important to know the risks associated with PCB exposure and monitor associated symptoms.

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Defense against Murder Charges

According to the Wall Street Journal, about 165,068 murders were committed in 49 US states (not including Florida) between 2000 and 2010, while in 2012, the reported cases numbered 12,765. Intentional homicide, otherwise referred to as murder or manslaughter, is the second most serious criminal offense (the first is treason). Though the terms homicide and murder are often used interchangeably, homicide has a wider scope than murder as it refers to acts that are either criminal or non-criminal (a non-criminal homicide signifies a justifiable act of killing, such as lawful self-defense, lawful defense of someone else, or mistake of fact).

Each murder case is characterized by its own circumstances and evidences and, more often than not, evidences that will point to the doer of the crime (and which will shed light on the crime itself) are made obscure by a lot of different factors. Thus, saving oneself from being convicted of murder will definitely require the help of nothing less than an exceptional lawyer, whose knowledge on criminal law and whose experience on criminal proceedings top many others.

Such are just the initial requirements, by the way, as more are necessary for a good and strong defense against a murder charge. A number of these include new evidences that authorities at the scene of the crime failed to discover or uncover, new witnesses, opinion and analysis of experts (such as a pathologist, a psychiatrist or psychologist, a DNA expert, a false confession expert, a mental health expert, a ballistics expert, a fingerprint expert, and others who can help clear the case.

Besides the contents of the defendant’s lawyer’s trial bag, how strong the defense is will also depend on how strong and convincing the arguments of the Westchester criminal defense lawyer are, and how well he/she will be able to counter arguments and depose witnesses from the opposing side.

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Issues with SR-22

It is unfortunate when circumstances require a driver to get an SR-22 in order to legally operate any vehicle in Illinois. It means that the drive has been deemed safety irresponsible, possibly for being caught driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol or drug, driving without insurance, or have an unacceptably high number of serious traffic violations on a driving record. For any of these situations, a driver’s license may be suspended or revoked, and can make it very difficult to get standard car insurance.

The state requires an SR-22 or a certificate of financial responsibility to motivate drivers to become more responsible operators of a vehicle. It is difficult and more expensive to obtain than regular car insurance, so drivers who do not want to go through this will be more conscientious about how they drive. However, as mentioned on the website of Habush Habush & Rottier S.C. ®, even careful drivers may find themselves in a situation where an error in judgment can land them in trouble, but they don’t have suffer the consequences forever.

The state requires an SR-22 for 3 years in most cases. In that time, it is important for drivers to abide with the conditions of an SR-22 to avoid extending this. An SR-22 should be renewed 45 days in advance of its expiration every year to circumvent additional complications. This is because the issuing insurance company has the right to send an SR-26 Cancellation Certificate to the Safety and Financial Responsibility Section of the office of the Secretary of State to notify them about the failure to renew 15 days prior to the certificate’s expiry. This can result in a suspension imposed on the individual’s driving record until such time as the SR-22 is reinstated. Which can mean a wait of another 30 days as the reinstatement is processed.

Any serious violation within the period that the SR-22 is in effect may also result in its cancellation, effectively requiring the driver to go through the process all over again. That is, presuming that the insurance company is willing. If not, the driver will have to find an alternative issuer or deposit a $55,000 cash or securities bond with the Illinois State Treasurer or equivalent real estate bond approved by the court.

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